Author: Robert Rose

Robert is the founder and chief strategy officer of The Content Advisory, the education and consulting group for The Content Marketing Institute. Robert has worked with more than 500 companies, including 15 of the Fortune 100. He’s provided content marketing and strategy advice for global brands such as Capital One, NASA, Dell, McCormick Spices, Hewlett Packard, Microsoft, and The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Robert’s third book – Killing Marketing, with co-author Joe Pulizzi has been called the “book that rewrites the rules of marketing.” His second book – Experiences: The Seventh Era of Marketing is a top seller and has been called a “treatise, and a call to arms for marketers to lead business innovation in the 21st century.” Robert’s first book, Managing Content Marketing, spent two weeks as a top 10 marketing book on and is generally considered to be the “owners manual” of the content marketing process. You can catch up with Robert on his popular podcast - The Weekly Wrap. Follow him on Twitter @Robert_Rose.

By robert-rose published June 13, 2019

The 7 Core Roles of a 2020 Content Marketing Team

“What does a content marketing team look like?”

This is the third most-frequent question from companies after (1) how do I measure a content marketing strategy and (2) how do I scale a content marketing approach. It should probably be the first.

You might be a team of one, wearing multiple marketing hats. Or you might be a global, siloed, integrated marketing and communications team of hundreds. It doesn’t matter. “Content” should absolutely be a strategic function in your business. It deserves the same dedication to roles and responsibilities that you provide for your accounting, legal, sales, and every other strategic activity the business performs.

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By robert-rose published May 24, 2019

In a Creative Rut? Refresh Your Energy With These Inspiring Insights

Editor’s note: The following article was originally published in the all-digital debut issue of Chief Content Officer magazine. This new version enables us to share audio, video, and more. Check out the interview below. Or listen to or watch the 5-minute interview in the magazine. (Subscription info at end of this post.)

Dewitt Jones may not be a marketer, but he’s certainly a content master. At Content Marketing World 2018, he received a standing ovation for his inspirational and moving keynote talk.

Read on for his advice, then watch the video to see his advice in action.

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By robert-rose published May 22, 2019

Will the Real ROI In Content Please Stand Up

Editor’s note: Given that ROI remains a most frequently asked topic in the industry, we updated this original Chief Content Officer piece from a few years ago to help you answer the ROI question today.

Marketing measurement and ROI. Heard of them? Yeah, I thought so. It’s kind of a thing right now.

Without fail the most common question I get at workshops or advisory days with clients is “how are we going to show return on a content marketing investment?”

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By robert-rose published April 24, 2019

The Struggle Is Real for Content Management and Technology [New Research]

When I graduated college, my dad gave me one of those super-duper, deluxe tool sets. It had everything. There was a 330-piece socket wrench set, a two-gimbal palm, 24 screwdrivers, a hex set, two claw hammers, eight pairs of pliers, and on and on. I had no idea what to do with it all. I tried to learn, but never used any of it well.

Thirty years later, that toolbox sits dusty in the back of my storage unit. In my office is a leather box that I’ve had for the last decade. It has a total of two screwdrivers (one flathead and one Phillips head), a hammer, a couple pairs of pliers, and a Leatherman multi-function tool. I’m happy to report that in my household I’m not known as the “fix-it guy” nor the “helpless guy.” That little box has gotten me through most household projects. I operate from the strategy, if I can’t fix it with what’s in the box, it’s probably something I shouldn’t be messing with anyway.

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By robert-rose published April 4, 2019

Creativity: From Imagination to Imagine-Action

Acclaimed National Geographic photographer Dewitt Jones talks to CCO about creativity and the art of finding the extraordinary in the ordinary.

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By robert-rose published March 5, 2019

What’s the Difference Between Content Marketing, Branded Content, and Native Advertising?

Two of the most frequent questions I’m asked about a new content publication project are: “How much of our brand should be in our content?” and “What should the distribution model be?”

Three years ago, I wrote an article, Clarifying the Noise: The Content Marketing Spectrum. I attempted to stratify (and demystify a bit) the different approaches of content marketing, native advertising, and branded content. At the time, I said this was a “work in progress” and I would add to it as we thought of new ways to provide clarity.

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By robert-rose published January 28, 2019

Your 2020 Mission: A Unified Strategy for Content in Your Marketing

In case you haven’t noticed – over the years here at CMI we’ve spent quite a few brain cells and digital ink defining and defending the approach of content marketing as a separate and distinct methodology to influence customer behavior.

More than a decade ago, my good friend and CMI founder Joe Pulizzi wrote his seminal post and put a stake in the ground for our beloved practice. He said it very plainly. Marketers have the opportunity to provide “truly relevant and useful content to prospects and customers to help them solve their issues.

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By robert-rose published January 1, 2019

Say No to the Rise of Internal Content Agencies – and Other 2019 Trends

Each and every year we cover some of the broader content marketing trends for the upcoming 12 months. The post looking forward to 2018 was one of the last written by my pal Joe Pulizzi before he retired. And – no surprise here – he was as prescient as always.

While most companies are still working through the operational aspects of their content marketing strategy, we’ve seen a real acceleration of focus on scalable approaches to our beloved practice.

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By robert-rose published October 31, 2018

Are You Generating Demand or Just Identifying It?

Marketers make markets.

It is the core of what we do. When we truly excel at our jobs, we create demand where little or none existed.

Perhaps the quintessential example of this is Apple’s iPhone. Nobody knew they needed an iPhone in 2007 when Steve Jobs stood onstage and introduced the revolutionary device to a bewildered audience. In fact, Apple didn’t even realize the demand it was creating.

“Today, we’re introducing three revolutionary products,” Steve said at the iPhone’s debut. He went on to explain how the new widescreen iPod, the revolutionary mobile phone, and the new “internet communicator” were all contained in one device. The audience had no idea how to react. Apple successfully created a market where none existed.

But creating markets isn’t just related to introducing new, revolutionary products. Great marketers can differentiate in a crowded marketplace to create a competitive advantage and niche for their brand. Think about software company HubSpot. In 2006, the marketplace for email marketing automation software was crowded – and getting more so. HubSpot created demand in a different way. It invented a new category of digital marketing – calling it “inbound” – and carved a niche for itself in the business software marketplace.

Great marketing makes markets.

Great #marketing makes markets, says @Robert_Rose. Click To Tweet

Demand generation or demand identification

In many cases, businesses struggle with generating new demand. In today’s noisy, fragmented, digital world, reaching prospective customers feels overwhelming. Pressure to deliver against short-term goals and to measure efforts to use valuable content to generate new demand seems tougher than ever. The growing complexity of the buyer’s journey, coupled with the highly competitive and loud marketplace of ideas, makes it arduous to differentiate your solutions, much less educate prospects on new things.

However, demand generation is perhaps the most critical need for today’s business. Marketers must continue to generate more opportunities to support their companies’ growth strategies. Is it any wonder then that many marketers are doubling down on finding people who already ask for their products, services, or solutions?

Most demand generation strategies are relegated to being demand identification programs. Marketing teams exert tremendous effort to optimize content experiences for search terms and questions, and to be ever more different, persuasive, and faster for anyone who raises their hand to say, “I’m interested.”

Most demand gen strategies are relegated to being demand identification programs, says @Robert_Rose. Click To Tweet

While this approach is important, the results inevitably flatten over time. The total addressable market (TAM) aware of whatever the challenge is will be exhausted. Any marketing effort only focused on identifying existing demand will inevitably go from extraordinary to average to poor.

From a content marketing perspective, how do you go from poor to average to extraordinary? How can you view content marketing as something that can differentiate your approach to demand generation and produce more demonstrable results for your marketing efforts?

Well, we sought to find the current state of demand generation within content marketing and how it might be improved.

5 ways content marketers can maximize demand gen efforts

To explore this concept, CMI’s research team conducted a survey to learn how marketers use content marketing for demand gen. The resulting market brief, Using Content Marketing to Generate Demand, Create New Audiences sponsored by ScribbleLive, urges content marketers to establish the value of their demand gen efforts.

Here are five action items based on key findings.

1. Use content marketing at all stages of the funnel, not just the top

Nearly all respondents reported using content marketing to generate demand from buyers at all stages of the buying funnel, yet activities at the top of the funnel tend to be their primary focus, as reflected in these questions and responses:

  • Top reason for using content marketing for demand generation purposes? To generate leads/potential customers at the top of the funnel (87%)
  • Stage in the buyer’s journey where the organization receives the most value from content marketing used for demand generation? Early stage – generating awareness/interest (51%)
Half of marketers say early stage in funnel is where org receives most value via @CMIContent #research. Click To Tweet
  • Top metric used to measure the impact of content marketing on demand generation? Website traffic (67%)
  • Type of content most effective for demand gen purposes? Blog posts/articles in the early stage of the buyer’s journey (awareness/interest) (73%)

However, interestingly, half the respondents created content in 2018 for deeper parts of the funnel as well. Many of the content marketers also focused on the middle (29%) and bottom of the funnel (21%) where the lead is converted to a customer.

Action item:

To paraphrase the great comedian Jerry Seinfeld – it’s not enough to gather the attention of a new prospect. You have to hold it as well. These results suggest successful demand generation is not possible by simply creating content for the top of the funnel. Success is derived by connecting content-driven experiences deeper in the funnel – the interest and education of the new prospect are held throughout the journey.

2. Experiment with different types of content at different stages of the buyer’s journey

Respondents said blog posts are the most effective type of content used in the early stage, white papers in the middle stage, and case studies in the late stage. In-person events were the only type rated equally effective at all stages. Certain types of content work well at the top of the funnel, though that does not preclude them from working in the latter stages.

Blogs most effective early buyer stage; white papers in middle stage; case studies in late stage. @cmicontent Click To Tweet

Action item:

Your mileage will vary when it comes to content types and the best success. Stop thinking about content types being only appropriate for one stage of the journey. Experiment with how these content types are even structured. For example, a case study may work wonderfully at the very top of the funnel if it’s structured more as an educational awareness piece. A white paper may work well to convince a customer if it’s more focused on the implications of the change being considered. The key is to not start with form and apply it to the funnel. Instead, start with story (or content value) and apply multiple outputs to that content. Then test like the dickens.

Stop thinking about #content types being only appropriate for one stage of the journey.@robert_rose Click To Tweet

3. First goals, then the right metrics to accurately track the effectiveness of your content marketing at all stages of the demand gen funnel

In our study, the top three metrics marketers use to measure the impact of their content are primarily vanity metrics associated with upper levels of the funnel (website traffic [67%], audience engagement [58%], and quantity of leads [57%]).

Action item:

Vanity metrics such as traffic, engagement, and volume of leads are only as important as indicators for how you are progressing toward your goals. For example, if your overall objective truly is to generate new demand – one measurable goal might be to generate x% of leads from a new audience or in a new region. In that scenario, more traffic, engagement, and leads may not be good news unless they are associated with your goals. Design your measurement plan to assist with the ability to meet both short- and long-term goals.

4. Make sure your personas are well-researched for best results

We asked respondents if they segment their demand generation activities by personas and fewer than half (46%) said yes. However, another 35% said they plan to do so.

Only 46% of marketers segment demand gen activities by personas. @cmicontent #research Click To Tweet

Action item:

Personas provide tremendous structure and insight that enable you to attract the most valuable visitors, leads, and customers to your business. Remember, however, audience personas and buyer personas are different.

Audience personas and buyer personas are different, says @Robert_Rose. Click To Tweet

Buyers are, of course, people who have discovered that a solution like yours might be what they need. In short: Demand has been generated. Audiences are the ones who are unaware that they have a need or want, or that a solution even exists. If you are focused on demand generation, you may be better served by focusing on audience personas.

Have a look at alternative ways of developing focused audience personas. The bottom line is you need personas to help you deliver the most relevant and useful content to your audience.

And that brings us to …

5. Create audiences, not leads

The majority (58%) of respondents reported moderate success with using content marketing for demand generation (a finding that mirrors that in our 2019 B2B annual content marketing study). 

Action item:

Marketers looking to improve their success with using content marketing for demand generation should make audience acquisition a core focus for creating value for the business.

This approach requires that marketers look beyond vanity metrics such as website visits, engagement, and even quantity of leads, and be willing to experiment with different types of content and how the audience uses it.

Audiences can bring more value than leads or buyers. They are assets that can provide numerous benefits to the business – and demand generation programs fueled by content marketing can be just the thing to create these assets.

Audiences make the marketer

Ultimately, if you are to be seen as a great marketer, the view will be in context to the market you lead. As my good friend Joe Pulizzi has so wisely said, “Nobody ever sets out to be fifth best in their marketplace.”

The great promise of content marketing is that it builds an audience. And audiences can bring more value than leads or buyers. Yes, some of them will become identified demand. They become leads, opportunities, and buyers.

Most of them, however, won’t – not in the short term. But that doesn’t mean they’re without value. Audiences are not just potential buyers, they are helpful to both generate new demand and give the insight to be continually better.

In short, audiences are not just potential buyers today, they are markets ready to be made tomorrow. In the short term, audiences are benefits to the business to help share and recommend the value of your approach and to be more efficient in reaching their networks. In the long term, audiences are the demand you can create.

Marketers make markets. They not only identify demand, they generate it, too. Content marketing that builds an audience can do exactly that.

Get more insight and survey results; download Using Content Marketing to Generate Demand, Create New Audiences today. 

Cover image by Joseph Kalinowski/Content Marketing Institute

By robert-rose published October 29, 2018

4 Business Models for Content Marketing

Author’s note: As has been pointed out to me in the comments on the blog and on social media, Henry Ford was a noted bigot who spread much of his bigotry through content. Additionally, our timing of publishing a post noting Henry Ford’s assembly-line accomplishment comes at the most inopportune moment given the tragedy of the past few days. The latter resulted from an advanced publishing queue and unforeseen events colliding in a very unfortunate way. Regarding the former, I am cognizant of Henry Ford’s disturbing views on race and religion. I do believe and hope that this post is conveying what we can learn from the innovation without subscribing to the viewpoint of the man.

However, the headline (and subsequent feature image) did not reflect that aim, and to those hurt by that I sincerely apologize. So, as an editorial team, we have changed the headline and image accordingly to hopefully better reflect our aim with the post. Our aim is to highlight new, optimal internal business models for content marketing and use the innovations of the moving assembly line as a metaphor for that. We are certainly not in the business of celebrating the ugly views of one particular man.

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